Who Signed the Unconditional Surrender of Japan

On the teak bridges of the USS Missouri, World War II finally ended on September 2, 1945. The surrender ceremony, which officially ended the bloodiest conflict in human history, lasted only 23 minutes. It began around 0902 with a brief opening speech by General Douglas MacArthur. In his speech, the general called for justice, tolerance and reconstruction. After MacArthur`s speech, Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu, who represented the Emperor of Japan, signed the surrender document. He was replaced by the Chief of the General Staff of the Army, General Yoshijirō Umezu, who signed for the Japanese Army. After that, General MacArthur, as Commander-in-Chief of the Allies, signed the surrender document with 6 pens. He donated these enclosures to the former prisoner of war, Lieutenant-General Jonathan Wainwright and Lieutenant-General Arthur E. Percival. MacArthur was followed by other Allied representatives in this order: the British, Chinese and American governments correctly warned the Japanese people of what to expect.

We have established the general conditions under which they may occur. Our warning was not heeded; Our terms and conditions have been rejected. Since then, the Japanese have seen what our atomic bomb can do. You can predict what it will do in the future. On August 28, the occupation of Japan began under the leadership of the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Powers. The surrender ceremony took place on September 2 aboard the battleship USS Missouri, where Japanese government officials signed the Japanese surrender document, ending hostilities. Allied civilians and military celebrated V-J Day, the end of the war; However, lone soldiers and members of Japanese forces widely dispersed across Asia and the Pacific refused to surrender for months and years afterward, with some even refusing until the 1970s. The role of atomic bombing in Japan`s unconditional surrender and the ethics of both attacks are still debated. The state of war officially ended when the Treaty of San Francisco entered into force on April 28, 1952.

Another four years passed before Japan and the Soviet Union signed the Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956, which officially ended their state of war. In keeping with the custom of a new government declaring its goals, after the May meetings, the Army General Staff prepared a document entitled “The Basic Policy to Be Followed from Now on in the War,” which stipulated that the Japanese people would fight to extinction rather than surrender. This policy was adopted by the Big Six on June 6. (Tōgō was against it, while the other five supported him.) [38] The documents presented by Suzuki at the same meeting indicated that Japan had taken the following approach in the diplomatic rapprochement with the USSR: to this end, Stalin and Molotov began negotiations with the Japanese, giving them false hopes of a peace negotiated by the Soviet Union. [56] At the same time, in their relations with the United States and Britain, the Soviets insisted on strict adherence to the Cairo Declaration, which was affirmed at the Yalta Conference, that the Allies would not accept a separate or conditional peace with Japan. The Japanese should unconditionally surrender to all all allies. To prolong the war, the Soviets resisted any attempt to weaken this demand. [56] This would give the Soviets time to complete the transfer of their troops from the Western Front to the Far East and conquer Manchuria, Inner Mongolia, North Korea, southern Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, and possibly Hokkaidō[57] (starting with a landing at Rumoi). [58] For the most part, Suzuki`s military-dominated cabinet advocated the continuation of the war.

For the Japanese, capitulation was unthinkable – Japan had never been successfully invaded or lost a war in its history. [19] Only Mitsumasa Yonai, the minister of the Navy, was known to wish for a quick end to the war. [20] According to historian Richard B. Frank: A Japanese naval officer who signed the surrender of the Penang aboard HMS Nelson on September 2, 1945. Penang was liberated the next day by the Royal Marines as part of Operation Jurist. A: The official signing of the Japanese surrender ordered the country to cease all military action, release prisoners of war and others in captivity, and comply with other conditions. It also began a seven-year U.S. occupation that lasted until the San Francisco Peace Treaty came into effect in April 1952, allowing Japan to return to the international community. Japan has since become a key U.S.

ally in defense and other areas. As witnesses, U.S. General Jonathan Wainwright, who had returned the Philippines, and British Lieutenant General Arthur Percival, who had abandoned Singapore, received two of the six pens with which General MacArthur signed the instrument. Another pen went to the West Point Military Academy and another to MacArthur`s warrant officers. All the pens MacArthur used were black, except for the last one, which was plum in color and went to his wife. A replica of it, as well as copies of the act of surrender, is in one case on the Missouri River on the plaque marking the place of signature. The model of the USS Missouri at the National Museum of the United States Navy at the Washington Navy Yard has a scale replica of the signature table in the right place. At 9:08 a.m. .m .m, U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur, commander in the Southwest Pacific and commander-in-chief of the Allied Powers, accepted the surrender on behalf of the Allied Powers and signed in his capacity as commander-in-chief. [5] The state of war between most allies and Japan officially ended when the Treaty of San Francisco entered into force on April 28, 1952.

Japan and the Soviet Union officially made peace four years later when they signed the Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956. [184] General Douglas MacArthur, also Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Forces, signed for the United Nations, while Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz signed for the United States. Delegates from other allied countries, including Britain, France, Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, New Zealand, China and the Soviet Union, attended the half-hour ceremony. Shortly before sunrise on the 15th. In August 1945, a national broadcast warned the Japanese to expect a message from the emperor later that day. All over Japan, people were waiting in uncertainty to hear for the first time “the voice dotted with jewels”. Most expected the emperor to urge them to fight to the end. What they heard was a high-pitched voice speaking in archaic Japanese that many couldn`t understand. It was only after a commentator said that the emperor had accepted the surrender that they knew for sure that the war was over. The capitulation came after nearly two years of uninterrupted defeats for the Imperial Japanese Army, reinforced by the devastating atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August 1945. News of Japan`s surrender became public on August 14, when President Truman addressed the nation, and August 15 was marked by victory celebrations around the world. On July 26, the United States, Britain and China issued the Potsdam Declaration announcing the terms of Japan`s surrender, warning: “We will not deviate from it.

There is no alternative. We will not tolerate any delays. For Japan, the terms of the declaration were as follows: On June 22, the emperor summoned the Big Six for a meeting. Unusually, he first spoke: “I hope that concrete plans to end the war, unhindered by existing policies, will be examined quickly and that efforts will be made to implement them.” [43] It was agreed to ask the Soviet Union to help it end the war. Other neutral nations, such as Switzerland, Sweden, and Vatican City, were known to be willing to play a role in restoring peace, but they were so small that they believed they could do nothing more than fulfill the conditions for Allied capitulation and acceptance or rejection of Japan. The Japanese hoped that the Soviet Union could be persuaded to act as Japan`s agent in negotiations with the United States and Britain. [44] TOKYO (AP) — World War II ended 75 years ago, but not all countries commemorate the same day. Wednesday is the anniversary of Japan`s official surrender to the United States on September 2, 1945, when documents were signed that officially ended years of bloody fighting during a ceremony aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. It is known as V-J Day in some countries. But some nations mark the 15th. August as the end of the war, the day the Emperor of Japan gave a speech announcing the surrender.

Masao Baba, lieutenant general of the Japanese 37th Army, signs the surrender document in Labuan, British Borneo, which is observed by Australian Major-General George Wootten and other Australian units. On August 6, 1945, at 8:15 a.m. local time.m, the United States detonated an atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Sixteen hours later, U.S. President Harry S. Truman again called for Japan`s surrender, warning them to “expect a rain of air ruins like never before seen on this earth before.” On the evening of August 8, 1945, in accordance with the Yalta Accords, but in violation of the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, and shortly after midnight on August 9, 1945. In August 1945, the Soviet Union invaded the Japanese imperial puppet state of Manchukuo. A few hours later, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb, this time on the Japanese city of Nagasaki. After these events, Emperor Hirohito intervened and ordered the Supreme Council for War Management to accept the conditions set by the Allies in the Potsdam Declaration to end the war. After several more days of behind-the-scenes negotiations and a failed coup, Emperor Hirohito gave a recorded radio speech throughout the empire on August 15. In the radio speech, called Jewel Voice Broadcast (玉音放送, Gyokuon-hōsō), he announced Japan`s surrender to the Allies.

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